In a world that is always searching for energy, it is good to invest more in tools that measure liquid flow. Water flow measurement helps to ensure that the fluid or liquid products meet the highest quality. Fluid measurement also helps to stop leaks that lead to waste and disasters, especially when dealing with oil and gas products. Demand for flow meters has grown since many sectors that deal with liquid and gas have found out how vital they are in making and transferring oil products.
In this article, we shall focus on the pros of flow meters and give you a few examples of flow meters used in water flow measurement.
Types of Oil and Liquid Flow Meters
Coriolis Liquid Flow Meters
Oil energy is always in demand around the world since it drives many economies. For this reason, oil flow tools that measure fluid flow rate are also needed to help measure and monitor this valuable product. Coriolis flowmeters have always had many benefits in measuring oil and liquid products. What limits this type of liquid flow meter is line size. In sizes of 4 inches and above, these flowmeters get very high in price due to how it works—making these flow meters in smaller sizes has always been a problem. These types of flow meters are used in crude and refined oil sectors.
Ultrasonic Flow Meters
One such flow meter that gives accurate results in fluid measurement is the incline transit-time flow meters. They have many designs, such as the single, dual, and multipath. When measuring flow in more than one area, the multipath design is the most ideal. This boosts accuracy. This type of meter is used in the petroleum liquid sector for custody transfer. They are also used in liquid petrol and crude oil sectors.
For over 100 years, DP flow tech has been used. To create a difference in downstream and upstream pressures, DP flowmeters needs the presence of constriction. The primary is the name of the device that creates this constriction. Since there are many primary parts, each is made for a certain use. An orifice plate is the most popular type of primary element. Like the multipath flow meters on ultrasonic flow meters, DP flowmeters suppliers have designed single- and dual-chamber orifice fittings used for custody-transfer.
In the downstream distribution of petroleum liquids, users use positive-displacement flow meters. PD flowmeters are used to measure the amount of petrol liquids loaded onto planes, ships, and tanker trucks. They are also used to transport hydrocarbons to industrial plants and business centers. These types of flow meters have approval for such usage.
Turbine Flow Meters
Turbine flow meters have also been around for so many years. These flow meters are used to measure flow rate because they have spinning rotors that rotate in proportion to flow rate. They are used in applications that deal with liquid and fluids measurement. However, they are poor in measuring steam flow. The turbine flow meter is best used for measuring clean, steady, medium-to-high speed flows of low-viscosity fluids.
Suppliers of turbine flow meters are making advancements to turbine flow meters to make them more efficient. They do this by making the moving parts more reliable. The ball bearing lifespan is increased by building them with durable materials such as ceramic or sapphire. Many customers prefer newer technologies flow meters over turbine flow meters because of moving parts in turbine flow meters that require a lot of maintenance. The benefits of turbine flow meters include low-cost operation, especially when used with larger pipes than ultrasonic flow meters.
New tech in water flow measurement is slowly replacing old flow meters in many applications. This is more so in the oil liquid sector. Compared to turbine flow meters and PD flow meters, ultrasonic and Coriolis flowmeters are more accurate and reliable. Old tech flowmeters still hang on because of their easier installation and low cost.