, What types and materials of paint?

Learn about the most common types of paint and tools with a glossary of terms.
If you want to start painting, it may happen that when you find yourself with so many types of materials, you do not know where to start. Or you can find out a little more about the tools you’ve already started using. In any of these cases, we will prepare a glossary of basic terms for coloring.

At the end of this publication, you can download a PDF file with all the conditions so that they are always at your fingertips.

Acrylic
This arose from the need for the best material to keep it bright outdoors in the first half of the 20th century. It is made of pigments mixed with acrylic resin. Soluble in water, it dries quickly (drying occurs when water evaporates). If you want to avoid quick drying, you can mix with a retarder.

Watercolor
They are powdered pigments mixed with gum Arabic, generally presented in small tablets mixed with water. It is also sold in tuba. It originated from a fresco and became popular in the 18th century. Its main characteristic is transparency, which reveals the texture of the substrate used. It dries very quickly and you must learn to control the amount of water in the paint to achieve the desired result.

Binder
A product that when mixed with pigments forms a paint. It is an element that binds pigments, and they can be of animal, vegetable or synthetic origin. The most popular are oil and glue.

Varnish
A type of oil used as a finishing touch to a paint to protect it from time, temperature, and other external conditions that can cause wear or damage to the paint.

Picture
Wooden frame stretching the fabric. Check here the best art supplies at infamyart.com

Coal
A material used in drawing or painting for drawing or painting. It is obtained from charred light wood species (for example, olive or birch).
Spatula and palette knife
They usually have a wooden handle and are made of metal with a rounded or pointed tip. They are also sold in wood and plastic. They are used to mix paints, but many artists use them as substitutes for the brush to achieve a mixture of textures and colors. They also remove unwanted paint pieces.

Advance
Transparent varnish that protects pencil and pastel drawings.

Cast
White paste of plaster, pigment and glue used to prepare canvas or wood before painting.

Gouache
This means body color. Technically it is a kind of watercolor, but its main characteristic is that, unlike the transparency of watercolor, it is opaque. Made with pigments not very finely ground. It has been known since the 9th century, but became popular in the 18th century.

Pencil
Drawing and sketch tool before painting. There are different hardnesses depending on the amount of graphite. A basic combination of hard and soft pencils is ideal. They are designated by metrics from 2 to 9, letters H (hard, hard), B (black) and HB (a compromise between them).

Counted pencil
Drawing tool made from graphite powder, charcoal, wax, or clay. It is usually produced in black, gray and reddish colors. It is used to paint on paper or canvas.

Canvas
The first pictures were painted on wood, a poorly absorbent material. The canvases were created to avoid this problem, and were originally made of linen canvas stretched over a frame. Today there is linen and different types of cotton.

Petroleum
One of the most common remedies. It was created by adding oil to tempera around the 15th century. It is a mixture of powdered pigments (organic or artificial) mixed with oil. Dry slowly.

Palette
Hard surface for mixing paints. It can be made of plastic or precious wood. There is a hole in the artist’s palette for the artist to insert their thumb and place the base in their hand. It is also called godete.

Paper
Substance obtained from wood pulp and other fibers, created in the 1st century. Ideal base for watercolors. They come in different thicknesses, textures, and colors. Its thickness is called grammage and is calculated per square meter. Paper also changes depending on whether it is coated or not, which affects how it receives other substances. For example, coated paper has a kaolin coating that makes it matte or glossy.

Confectionery
Finely ground pigment pencils mixed with resin. They originated during the Renaissance. They create a dusty effect and are mostly opaque. They are sold hard and soft (which are usually very brittle and brittle). For protection at the end of the product, you must use a retainer.

By samy