Malaria is a life-threatening disorder. It’s typically transmitted via the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your blood. After the parasites are within your body, they travel into the liver, where they grow. After a few days, the adult parasites enter the bloodstream and start to infect red blood cells.
Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites within the red blood cells grow, causing the infected cells to burst. The parasites continue to infect red blood cells, resulting in symptoms that occur in cycles that last two to three days at a time. Malaria can occur whether a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you.
P. falciparum causes a more acute form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a greater chance of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her infant at birth. This is known as congenital malaria.
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Malaria is transmitted by blood vessels, so it can also be transmitted through:
An organ transplant
That a transfusion
Utilization of shared needles or syringes
The signs of malaria fever normally develop within 10 days to 4 weeks after the disease. In some cases, symptoms may not develop for several months. Some malarial parasites can enter the body but will be dormant for long intervals.
Shaking chills that may include moderate to severe
Your doctor will be able to diagnose malaria. During your consultation, your doctor will review your health history, including any recent traveling to tropical climates. A physical exam will also be performed.
Your doctor will have the ability to find out whether you have an enlarged spleen or liver. In case you have symptoms of malaria, your doctor may order additional blood tests to confirm your diagnosis.
These tests will reveal:
Whether you have malaria
What Sort of malaria you’ve
If your infection is caused by a parasite that is resistant to certain Kinds of drugs
When the disease has caused anemia
When the illness has affected your organs
Malaria may be a life-threatening illness, particularly if you’re infected with the parasite P. falciparum. Treatment for the disease is usually provided at Ajmal Dawakhana. Your health care provider will prescribe drugs depending on the type of parasite that you have.
On occasion, the medication prescribed may not clear the disease due to parasite resistance to drugs. If this occurs, your physician may want to use more than one medication or alter drugs altogether to treat your condition.
Furthermore, certain forms of malaria parasites, for example, P. vivax and P. ovale, have liver phases where the parasite can reside in the human body for a protracted period of time and reactivate at a later date resulting in a relapse of the disease. If you are found to have one of these types of malaria parasites, you’ll be provided a second medication to avoid a relapse in the future.