Infections are common causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic dogs. Evidence indicates that urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection in diabetic dogs. High levels of glucose in the urine can provide a rich source of nutrients for bacteria. As a result, bacteria can multiply and form the basis for infection; high levels of glucose in the urine may also enable urinary colonization by microorganisms.
- Difficulty in peeing
- Peeing very small amounts of urine
- Increase frequency of urination
- Bloody or cloudy urine
- Loss of bladder control
- Dribbling or dripping urine
- Peeing in inappropriate places
- Constant licking of the urinary opening
- Strong smell to the urine
- Decrease in appetite
- Weight loss
- Severe back pain
- Increased water consumption
Always keep an eye out for signs of infection, like fever and lethargy and make sure to bring them to the vet immediately.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Laboratory tests are important for the diagnosis of UTI. Ideally, a full blood count and blood chemistry profile will be run to test for underlying diseases that can make the UTI more difficult to treat or more likely to return. The urinalysis will also be carried outIf the UTI returns, the information obtained from the first series of tests would be of great use in guiding future therapy. X-rays and urinary tract ultrasound could be recommended if underlying conditions such as kidney infection, urinary tract stones, or irregular bladder morphology are anticipated.
After observing the biochemical make-up of the dog’s urine, the veterinarian will assess individual cell reactivity with antibiotic drugs to determine the best antidote. But sometimes, the vet can recommend surgery or collagen injections.
One of the most effective natural remedies to avoid UTIs and monitor the pH of urine is small red cranberry tart. However, a recent study review by the National Institute for Health Care Excellence, found that cranberry juice does not actually alleviate the symptoms of urinary tract infection. The NICE report suggests that a person with a suspected UTI should drink plenty of water and take antibiotics and pain relievers. Moreover, diagnostic urine based test kits, and gluco-meters can be used at home to screen for both UTIs and diabetes management.