Farming is the process and art of cultivating plants and livestock for food or other material. Farming is the backbone of any country’s economy. It includes growing vegetables, fruit, flowers, and crops for human and animal survival. Indian farmers used various farming methods that depend upon the soil, climate, water availability, land’s nature, and irrigation facilities.
Farming Methods in India
There are different farming methods available that depend upon the weather, irrigation, soil etc. Let’s look at various types of farming systems in India.
They are as follow:-
- Subsistence Farming
Most farmers can do subsistence farming, small farmers who can not afford high yielding seeds. Small farmers have small land chunks and will have no electricity and irrigation facilities. The whole family works on the farming field for better production. Farmers kept their production for family consumption. In this system, farmers can do wetland farming or dryland farming. It depends upon the rainfall or irrigation facilities. In regions where low annual rainfall recorded, crops like Bajara, maize, Jowar, and any pulse crops are grown.
These types of crops are grown one time in a year. Farmers can grow crops twice a year. In this, wetland farming is done. In wetland farming, sufficient irrigation facilities are available. Farmers cultivate rice, vegetables, sugarcane crops, and many more in wetland farming. Most farming is done without tools manually. Farmer families consume the complete crop, and commercial crop selling is not possible.
- Plantation Farming
Plantation farming is a single crop farming of rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, coconut, and fruit crops like apples, grapes, oranges, etc. most of the crops grown in plantation farming have a life cycle of more two years. This farming system requires investment and cultivation facilities as good irrigation methods, modern farming methods, advanced machinery, technical farming skills, high yielding seeds, and fertilizers. It is export-oriented farming.
Every tree crop requires a long time to grow, are productive for long periods. Plantation farming is limited within tropical climates. It exists on every continent with a tropical climate. These crops mainly grow for commercial export. Plantation crops are grown in large areas and require heavy labour.
- Shifting Farming
In Shifting farming, a piece of forest land cleared for growing crops by falling trees and burning branches and trunks. After removing the land, crops grown for 2 to 3 years. the land abandoned as the soil fertility decreases. Now farmers move to the other area and repeat this process. Millets, vegetables, and corn/maize crops grown in a shifting farming system. The land does not involve any cultural practice.
- Intensive Farming
Intensive farming occurs in areas where irrigation is possible, and one can obtain a high yield per unit area. The farmers use pesticides and fertilizer in large scale areas. They try to sow the seeds of high yielding by using machinery with advanced methods. This system is known as industrial farming.
- Dry Farming
Dry farming followed in areas where less irrigation is available. The crops grown in dry or low rainfall areas.
- Mixed and Multiple Farming
In mixed and multiple farming, crops are growing, the livestock. This farming refers to growing, one crop together. two different crops having varying maturing periods sown at the same time. This farming system follows in regions where irrigation facilities and good rainfall are available.
- Crop Rotation
Many crops grown in the same field to increase soil fertility. It will practised in a fixed rotation. The rotation of crops may complete in a year, and in some areas, it involves more one year. Gram crops or pulse crops grown after the gram, nitrogen in the soil can fix the crop, which increases soil fertility. The crop selected for rotation depends on the soil type. Sugarcane or tobacco crops infused with cereal crops.
- Terrace Cultivation
In terrace cultivation, crops are growing in the hilly areas. The hill and mountain slopes cut to form traces. With this farming system, anyone can prevent soil erosion.
- Sedentary Cultivation or Permanent farming
Sedentary Cultivation or Permanent farming system farmers can settle in one place and start growing. It called settled farming. In it, farmers get a permanent settlement.
Popular Tractor Brands in India
Tractors are the best partner in farming. Tractors come with the features that make farming more productive and farming operations easy. There are many tractor brands available in India that offer best in class qualities for farming. Below we show the top 3 tractor brands in India, you can choose the best one according to your work.
- Mahindra Tractor
Mahindra tractor is the leading and highest-selling tractor India. Tractor belongs to the Mahindra & Mahindra company. The company is a popular manufacturer of tractors and farm equipment. Mahindra comes with innovative products that are suitable for all types of farming. It offers comfort and convenience features to keep you happier on a long day. Mahindra tractor price is affordable and appropriate for Indian farmers.
- Eicher Tractor
Eicher Tractor Price is budget-friendly for the Indian farmers. They supply tractors according to the needs of the farmers. There all the tractors manufactured with advanced technological solutions for higher productivity of the farm. According to their budget, Eicher Tractor perfectly made according to the current generation, and the company set its price. Eicher Tractor price is the fairest price for the Indian farmers.
- Kubota Tractor
Kubota Tractor the renowned tractor in India and mainly known as KAI. The main USP of the Kubota tractor is it comes with the advanced technology, perfect for modern farming. Kubota tractor is famous for its attractive style and design. It has high performance and reliability levels, which help it establish itself powerfully in the tractor market. Kubota tractor is finest for the paddy field, garden fields, orchard field and small lands. Kubota tractor price is reasonable that easily fits in a farmer’s pocket.
We hope you like this blog and now you get information about different types of farming systems in India.
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