It can be an exciting and nerve-wracking experience to start the IVF treatment process. IVF is usually only tried after all fertility therapies have failed. You may have been trying for months or more likely, for years and years to conceive.
This isn’t always the case, however. Occasionally, the very first medication tried is IVF.
IVF, for instance, might be the first option if:
The need for a gestational carrier is
The use of an egg donor is
If the Fallopian tubes of a woman are blocked,
Extreme male infertility cases
When cryopreserved eggs are used earlier,
Still after years of trying to get pregnant and multiple fertility tests, IVF may come even in these situations.
You may feel fragile merely looking over the schedule of ultrasounds, blood tests, and injections. (And that’s before the drugs can mess with your moods!) Add to that the expense of IVF, especially if you pay out-of-pocket and if you feel concerned, it’s no surprise.
However the more you know about what’s happening next, the more you’ll feel in control. Since the procedure of each clinic will be slightly different and procedures are tailored for the particular needs of a couple, here is a step-by-step rundown of what normally occurs during in vitro fertilisation, as well as details on the complications, costs, and what’s next if your IVF treatment cycle fails.
In Vitro Basics for Fertilization
IVF stands for fertilisation in vitro. In vitro means “in the lab” and conception refers to fertilisation. IVF typically includes taking several eggs (retrieved through a transvaginal needle guided by ultrasound) and placing them in a specially washed sperm cell petri dish (retrieved via masturbation.)
If all goes well the sperm cells will fertilise some of the retrieved eggs and become embryos. You will be moved to your uterus by one or two of those stable embryos.
The sperm cells require extra help with the fertilisation process in some cases. It is possible to use ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, which is an assisted reproductive technology involving the injection into an egg of a single sperm cell.
This can be done in cases of extreme male infertility, previously cryopreserved embryos, embryo genetic preimplantation testing (PGT), or if the fertilisation stage has failed in past IVF cycles.
But the ovaries have to be stimulated before eggs can be collected. Your body can normally only develop one or maybe two) eggs per month without the aid of fertility drugs. You need lots of eggs for traditional IVF. To stimulate the ovaries to ripen a dozen or more eggs for regeneration, injectable fertility drugs are used.
However, this isn’t always the case. To activate only a few eggs, oral fertility drugs or very low dose injectable drugs can be used with limited stimulation of IVF (aka mini IVF).
The Before Treatment Stage
You could be placed on birth control pills in the period before your IVF treatment is scheduled. This may sound backward… aren’t you trying to get pregnant?
It has been shown to theoretically increase the chances of success by using birth control pills before a treatment period. Also the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and ovarian cysts can be decreased.
But not every practitioner uses the cycle before birth control pills. Another option is that you will be asked by your doctor to monitor the period before ovulation. She would most probably consider the use of an ovulation predictor kit. However, particularly if you have experience mapping your cycles, she may also recommend basal body temperature charting.
These medications allow your doctor, once your treatment period starts, to have full control over ovulation. Your doctor can take another approach if you don’t get your cycles on your own. In this case, doctors can prescribe progesterone. It would lead to your time. Opt ivf procedure in chennai.