Rice is an indispensable part of everyday Indian diet due to the multiple benefits it provides. There is a variety of Indian rice available with different nutritional values and benefits.
Here we bring to you a list of different types of Indian rice with their nutritional benefits.
Ponni boiled rice
Ponni Boiled Rice is a variety of rice cultivated in Southern India. Ponni literally means Gold in Tamil and also refers to River Kaveri. Parboiled rice is steamed before milling and is partially boiled in the husk. Parboiling therefore makes parboiled white rice nutritionally similar to brown rice. It helps in anti aging, prevents gallstones,importance in blood circulation and gives carbohydrates.
Polished white rice
White rice is easiest to digest during any time of the day and that is why it is recommended for children and older people. White rice is consumed by most Indian families due to the high carbohydrate content in it, which provides ample energy. It also helps in relieving digestive disorders such as diarrhea, colitis and dysentery. White rice is also low in fiber and thus is easily digested by our system. It also has a sober amount of protein – every 150 grams of rice has about 5 grams of protein.
White rice is also used as a soothing powder for the skin. It is used in case of skin inflammation caused by small-pox, measles, prickly heat, burns and scalds.
But the sad part is that in the process of coming from the farm to our plates, all the nutrients and vitamins from it are normally removed. This polished rice is nothing more than refined starch. However, if you buy it from a trusted local source, you may still have its goodness intact.
Brown rice is the best rice to consume due to the uncountable benefits it provides. Brown rice is high in soluble fiber and less in calories. The oil present in it is good as it increases good cholesterol and lowers blood pressure and bad cholesterol. It is not commonly used in Indian households since many are ignorant of its health benefits, and secondly because it is costlier than white rice. Due to the carbohydrate present in brown rice, the digestion of fiber is slow leading to a controlled and slow release of sugar into the blood. It also has a lower glycemic index as compared to other grains including white rice.
Though this rice doesn’t have an appealing taste but if you want to stay fit and active, then red rice should be your choice. Not many people know that red rice is rich in iron and vitamin B6. The Vitamin B6 in it helps to balance the formation of serotonin and red blood cells. Red rice controls blood sugar levels and helps in the production of DNA. Per 100 grams, red rice has seven grams of protein and two grams of fiber.
A cup of basmati rice has 20 percent more fiber as compared to any other Indian rice. Basmati rice also has a low Glycemic index and is safe for patients suffering from diabetes. This rice also helps in giving you balanced energy levels.
Basmati rice is available in many varieties with varying costs. It has two versions, white and brown. It is a long grain rice, which gives your food a royal look. It has a unique aroma which is due to the presence of a chemical called 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline in it.
Jasmine rice is popular in South East Asia. This rice is long grained with a floral aroma. This rice is mainly served with coconut and seafood due to its aroma. It is available in both white and brown form but again the brown version is better than the white one. Sometimes it is also used as a substitute for basmati rice.
1-cup serving of brown jasmine rice contains over 5 grams of protein, 45 grams of carbohydrate, less than 2 grams of fat and 216 calories in all.
A 1-cup serving of white jasmine rice contains 4 grams of protein, approximately 45 grams of carbs, 0.44 grams of fat and 205 calories. Opt Kichadi Ponni Rice.