Patchy skin and dark spots on the face are skin concerns that hardly go away with the help of weekly face mask treatments. When it is left untreated for a very long time, it can become even worse. Skin discolouration such as hyperpigmentation is one of the biggest skincare concerns, and most people do not understand which hyperpigmentation treatment to choose in order to get rid of the problem for good. Before going further into the topic, it is important to understand the condition better. Hyperpigmentation – what is it? In simple words, hyperpigmentation occurs when the body produces melanin in excessive amounts. It could happen to any part of the body, often accompanying inflammation and redness. Some of the common types are melasma, age spots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. What are the early signs of hyperpigmentation? People usually notice these dark spots appearing on their forehead, nose or cheeks. Therefore, one should look for signs in these areas. Any form of uneven appearance of the skin or discolouration could mean the beginning of the condition. How to prevent hyperpigmentation? Unfortunately, there is no absolute cure to the condition. However, there are treatment options available that help in keeping the condition in check and reducing the spots and patches. Prevention is the best way to go about dealing with this skin issue. With a proper skincare regime, it is possible to avoid hyperpigmentation. Some of the things that need to be kept in mind include: Using a good sunblock or sunscreen cream at least two or three times.Taking supplements of folic acid, antioxidants and vitamin C.Choosing skincare products that come with the right ingredients.Trying to avoid further sun damage. However, if these measures do not work out, one can look for hyperpigmentation treatment options to reduce surface discolouration effectively. Tips for choosing the right depigmenting topicals When it comes to treating hyperpigmentation or skin discolouration, a lot of people prefer using topical products such as serums, creams and lotions. However, finding the right product is significant. Here are some tips that can help people make the right purchase: #1 Before looking for products, it is essential to understand the difference between skin lightening and skin bleaching. The distinction between the two kinds of products is often blurred, which can lead to people making uninformed decisions. Skin bleaching essentially obliterates the melanosome granules that are produced by melanocytes (cells producing pigment), which result in significant changes to the overall pigment concentration in a much shorter period of time. Bleaching can be dangerous because it can make the skin vulnerable to long-term damage resulting from the sun’s UV radiation. On the other hand, skin lightening is not so permanent. It is more of a gradual process that needs long-term maintenance. The market is filled with a plethora of options in such topicals, which makes it pretty difficult for people to make the right choice. When bought without conducting proper research, some of these products can cause irritating effects. #2 In order to find the right treatment product, it is always best to seek professional medical advice. One has to understand their skin condition before attempting to treat it. Buying a treatment product just because it is a trend among friends and colleagues doesn’t always offer the desired results. Therefore, the first step would be to consult a dermatologist and have the skin tested to get a proper diagnosis regarding the pigmentation problem so the right hyperpigmentation treatment can be prescribed. The doctor will also be able to diagnose the origin of the problem. #3 When looking at treatment options, it is essential to go for products that have been clinically tested for their proven safety and effectiveness. It is paramount to ensure that the cream or lotion that is purchased doesn’t contain any harmful or controversial ingredients These can include steroids, kojic acid and hydroquinone. #4 One should ensure that the cream or serum is able to be applied with sunscreens and sunblock creams with at least SPF 15. Though the depigmentation product might have to be applied in the evening or at night, one should be able to venture out during the day with a sunblock, especially in Australia. #5 The next step would require a person to have a closer look at the product’s listed essential ingredients. It is always good to go for less. This is because when a hyperpigmentation cream contains more ingredients, there is a higher chance of developing allergic reactions, which is obviously undesirable. Closing thoughts If all these factors are kept in mind, finding the right hyperpigmentation treatment for treating skin discolouration will not be as challenging. However, it is advisable to keep the doctor in the loop when thinking of purchasing a new pigmentation cream.