If you have had anal, oral or vaginal sex and touch in the genital area, then chances are you may get a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI). Some people may hope or think that your partner does not have an STI but this is not any kind of protection. Though there are condoms available for enjoying sex with your partner, using them properly is an effective way to reduce the chances of the transmission of STDs.
The symptoms of STI are not obvious all the time. So, if you have symptoms of STI or are exposed to it, you need to visit a doctor as soon as possible and get tested. There are some sexually transmitted diseases that can be treated easily while others require a complicated treatment for dealing with them effectively.
It is necessary to get assessed and when detected with the STI, you should get treated soon. Make sure you tell your partner about it so that they may be assessed and treated too.
If left untreated, STIs may increase the risk of getting another STI like HIV. This usually takes place asan STI may motivate an immune reaction in your genital area or lead to sores that can increase the risk of being detected with HIV transmission. Some untreated STIs may be the reason for infertility, damage to your organs or certain kinds of cancer or even death.
There are different sexually transmitted infections that do not show any signs or symptoms (asymptomatic). Even if there are no symptoms, you may spread the infection to your sex partners. Hence, it is essential to stay protected by using a condom at the time of intercourse. You need to see your doctor regularly for STI screening so that you may detect and treat an infection before passing it on to others.
Some diseases like hepatitis may get transmitted without any sexual contact when you come into close contact with the blood of an infected person. Others like gonorrhea may be transmitted during sexual contact.
Symptoms of chlamydia
Chlamydia is considered to be a bacterial infection of the genital tract. It is quite difficult to detect it as early-stage infections may lead to a few or almost no signs and symptoms. When they take place, they generally begin one to three weeks after getting exposed to chlamydia. Even when the signs and symptoms develop, they are usually mild and pass which allows many people to overlook them.
Signs and symptoms:
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Vaginal discharge.
- Testicular pain for men.
- Painful urination.
- Discharge from penis.
- Pain at the time of intercourse for women.
- Bleeding between periods in women.
Symptoms of gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is actually a bacterial infection of the genital tract. It may occur in the throat, mouth, anus and eyes. The first symptoms usually appear within 10 days after exposure. However, some people may get infected for months before the symptoms may take place.
Signs and symptoms:
- Cloudy, bloody or thick discharge from your vagina or penis.
- Burning sensation or pain at the time of urination.
- Bleeding between periods or menstrual bleeding.
- Swollen or painful testicles.
- Bowel movements that are painful.
- Anal itching.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis
Trichomonias is is usually a common STI that occur due to a microscopic and one-celled parasite known as Trichomonasvaginalis. This organism usually spreads at the time of intercourse with someone who already has this infection.
The organism generally infects the urinary tract in case of men, but usually has no symptoms. Trichomoniasis generally infects the vagina in women and when trichomoniasis causes the symptoms, they usually appear within 5 to 28 days of exposure. They may usually range from mild irritation to severe inflammation.
Signs and symptoms:
- White, clear, yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge.
- Strong vaginal odor.
- Discharge from your penis.
- Irritation or itching in the penis.
- Pain at the time of intercourse.
- Painful urination.
- Vaginal irritation or itching.
Symptoms of HIV
HIV is an infection with human immunodeficiency virus that interferes with the ability of your body to fight against bacteria, viruses and fungi. This can lead to illness, AIDS and a severe life-threatening disease.
After you have been infected with HIV, you might not find any symptoms. Some people can develop a flu-like illness which is usually two to six weeks after the infection. The only way you know if you are infected with HIV is to get tested soon.
Early signs and symptoms
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph glands
These signs and symptoms may go away within one week to one month and are usually mistaken for the ones of a viral infection. During this time period, you can get infected greatly and the severe symptoms of the HIV infection might not appear for 10 years or more after the initial infection.
When the virus seems to multiply and destroy the immune cells, you might develop mild infections or chronic signs and symptoms that include:
- Swollen lymph nodes which is usually the initial sign of having anHIV infection.
- Weight loss.
- Shortness of breath.
Late-stage HIV infection
- Unexplained and persistent fatigue.
- Soaking night sweats.
- Fevermore than 100.4 F for sometime.
- Lymph nodes swelling.
- Persistent headaches.
- Chronic diarrhea.
- Unusual infections.
Symptoms of genital herpes
Genital herpes occurs from the herpes simplex virus (HSV) that gets into the body via tiny breaks in your mucous membranes or skin. People who are suffering from HSV are not aware that they have it as they do not find any signs or symptoms as these are very mild to be noticed.
When the signs and symptoms are detected, the first step is usually the worst. You will find some people who do not get a second chance while others have recurring episodes for several years. Some signs and symptoms include the following:
- Blisters, red bumps or open sores in your anal, genital, and surrounding areas.
- Itching or pain the inner thighs, buttocks and around the genital area.
Symptoms of genital warts and Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
Some signs and symptoms of genital warts are:
- Gray, small or flesh-colored swellings in the genital area.
- Several warts close together to form the shape of a cauliflower.
- Discomfort or itching in the genital area.
- Bleeding at the time of intercourse.
Symptoms of hepatitis
Hepatitis A, B and C are infectious viral infections that can affect the liver. Both Hepatitis B and C are extremely serious among the three, but each may be the reason for your liver to get inflamed.
Some people do not develop any signs or symptoms. But for some, these may take place several weeks after exposure such as:
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Abdominal pain in the liver at the right side just below your lower ribs.
- Loss of appetite.
- Dark urine.
- Muscle or joint pain.
- Yellowing of skin and whites of eyes (jaundice).
Symptoms of syphilis
Syphilis is actually a bacterial infection that affects the genitals, mucous membranes and skin. However, it may even involve other parts of the body, your heart and brain.
Signs and symptoms of syphilis can take place in four stages and these are – primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. Another condition called congenital syphilis takes place when a pregnant woman who has syphilis spreads this disease to her unborn infant. Congenital syphilis may be disabling and also life-threatening. Hence, it is necessary for a pregnant woman with syphilis to be treated.
This is the first sign of syphilis that can take place from 10 days to three months after exposure. This can be a small and painless sore (chancre) on your body part where the infection had spread which is usually the rectum, lips, tongue or genitals. The sore will generally recover without any treatment though the disease might appear again in the secondary or tertiary stage.
Signs and symptoms can start from three to six weeks after the chancre appears, and this can include:
- Rash which gets marked of reddish-brown, red or small size sores in any body part like soles and palms.
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Fatigue and feeling of discomfort.
- Aching and soreness.
This is a period known as latent syphilis where there are no symptoms present and can follow in the secondary stage. Some signs and symptoms will not return anymore or disease can progress at the next stage.
- Improper coordination
Syphilis may affect your nervous system at any stage. It may lead to
- Behavior changes.
- Movement problems.
If you have any of these sexually transmitted infections or you are exposed to one, visit the doctor for STD testing in London. Proper diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent or postpone severe and life-threatening health problems and stay away from infecting other people.