Aortic valve replacement surgery is done to replace a narrowed aortic valve that fails to open properly. In this minimally invasive procedure, doctors insert a catheter in the leg or chest of the patient and guide it to his heart. A recent study has shown that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate depending on the age and health of the patient. Most people who survive aortic valve replacement have a life expectancy close to normal.
Aortic valve surgery is an open-heart surgery through the breastbone, into the chest. It is a major operation that can last for about two hours and the recovery often takes several weeks. Some experienced surgeons are now using TAVR (Trans Catheter Aortic Valve replacement) Heart valve replacement cost in India a minimally invasive catheter-based treatment to replace damaged valves. This advanced medical procedure can be used in patients who are at high or moderate risk of developing complications if they undergo traditional surgery.
Recent advances in aortic valve replacement have made the surgery more effective and it is no longer an operation that involves conventional operative strategies. The increasing use of transcatheter techniques is turning out to be a blessing for patients with aortic stenosis. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) is a procedure that involves a small chest wall incision as opposed to a conventional incision. It is increasingly being used to reduce the invasiveness of the surgical procedure while maintaining the same quality and safety of a conventional approach.
Compared to conventional surgery, MIAVR has proven to reduce postoperative mortality, providing faster recovery, shorter hospital stay, and cost of operation. With the introduction of advanced medical techniques, operative times have dramatically reduced by 35-40% for heart valve replacement.
Also, MIAVR has been shown to improve postoperative respiratory function due to the preservation of the sternum, and reduction of pain, blood loss, and blood transfusions related to the reduction of surgical dissection. In recent years, three different sutureless or rapid deployment aortic valves have been introduced for use in both conventional AVR and MIAVR heart valve replacement surgeries. These are the Enable Valve System, the Perceval Valve System, and the Edwards Intuity Valve System.
Aortic valve replacement is no longer an operation that is approached solely through conventional open-heart surgery. Recent advances in the field have expanded the proportion of patients eligible for intervention. With advances in the field of minimally invasive surgery, the trauma of surgery can be reduced substantially.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, is quickly becoming the preferred medical procedure for treating people suffering from aortic valve disease. It is a less-invasive procedure for fixing damaged aortic valves than traditional valve surgery. In the TAVR procedure, doctors get to the aortic valve by using very small incisions to pass a thin tube called a catheter through the bloodstream. The catheter can then be used as a guide to send a replacement valve up to the heart, where it can take over the damaged old valve.
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