The heart is one of the most vital organs in our body and it is constantly at work. Our heart continuously pumps blood 24 hours a day, 365 days a year and that is why we must take care of it instead of taking it for granted. We need to realise that it is not just bad habits like smoking or consuming alcohol excessively, that might be causing heart problems. There are many other lifestyle habits that can harm our heart and this is where awareness about how the heart functions and how to take care of it comes in handy. Doctors from the leading heart hospital in India suggest that recent years have seen a rise of heart-related problems globally and a majority of these are the outcome of unhealthy lifestyle habits that most of us have inculcated in our lives.
Most of the heart diseases are triggered by the narrowing or clogging of the blood vessels as a result of which they do not work as they are supposed to and this happens mainly because of plaque build-up. This plaque collects on the walls of the blood vessels, making it difficult for the blood to flow normally. As the plaque blocks the blood from flowing, the heart has toput an extra effort in pumping the blood which is one of the leading causes of stroke, heart attack, heart failure or arrhythmia. Best heart specialists help to identify and treat all these problems and you can consult them for the best care and advice.
Now that we understood how this build-up of plaque, that is nothing but fat, cholesterol, calcium and other unwanted substances suspended in our blood, affects our heart, we should try to understand what are the things that lead to this build-up of plaque. The best doctor in Delhi suggest that a healthy lifestyle can help to alleviate the risks of heart diseases and so does abstaining from unhealthy lifestyle habits.
- Smoking cigarettes is one of the major reasons behinda plethora of heart problems as smoking reduces the level of oxygen in the blood. As a result of this, the heart has to overwork in order to supply oxygen-filled blood to the other organs leading to overexertion. Smoking not only releases toxic substances in the body but also increases the level of cholesterol in the arteries, which happens to be one of the major components of plaque.
- Excessive drinking is also one thing that should be avoided as over-consumption of alcohol leads to high blood pressure which is known to induce a negative impact on the heart and the arteries in the long run. Alcohol also causes people to put on weight and obese people are at a higher risk of heart problems. Therefore, the consumption of alcohol should be regulated and limited to a glass of wine with food or a couple of drinks with friends occasionally.
- Staying inactive can increase the risks of high blood pressure as well aselevate your cholesterol levels. Hence it is very important to refrain from a stagnant lifestyle and indulge in some sort of physical activity on a daily basis. This will also help you in maintaining a healthy weight as obesity is one of the major causes of heart-related problems. It might seem a bit difficult to start exercising all of a sudden but it is one of the most effective ways of lowering your cholesterol levels&blood pressure and strengthening your heart muscles. One should start with mild exercises and increase the pace and intensity gradually. Walking short distances and taking stairs instead of the lift is one way to start. Exercise also helps to relieve stress, which again is one of the greatest enemies of your heart.
- Excessive dependence on fast-food enhances your risks of having heart-related problems as whateveryou eat has an impact on your body as a whole. Consumption of unhealthy food is likely to take you a step closer to problems like blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes and weight gain. Eating a healthy diet does not mean not eating junk food at all, but it means incorporating fruits and vegetables in your diet. While eating one should also keep in mind that eating too much salt increases the blood pressure and therefore salt consumption should also be regulated.