Farmers are often presented with various obstacles that constantly result in low productivity. It is mostly considered that the reason for low productivity is usually diseases, insect pests and weeds. Unfavourable weather events such as frost or hail are also considered. However, farmers also face another delicate challenge, often forgotten, which is wild animal crop protection.
Crop damage caused by animals and birds attack is one of the most common problems which is not considered when it comes to low production of yield. Local animals mainly damage crops like buffaloes, cows, pigs, goats, and birds damage the crop very badly. Farmers plan a potential yield while sowing the seed for a new crop. Agriculture is the primary source of food and livelihood to a lot of people in India. Some wild animals such as Wild Boars, Elephants, Deer, Tigers and monkeys cause serious damage to crops by running and trampling over the crops.
Today we are discussing some of the important steps to protect the crop from these wild animal,
Top 5 strategies for crop protection :
- Make use of Agricultural fences: Fencing is the most common and effective practice. The quality of the fencing mostly depends upon the material and structure. Some permanent fences can last long over 30 years. Farmers generally use one of the following types of fences,
- Wired fencing: These types of fence are constructed of metal wires woven together forming a physical barrier. The fences are effective, long-lasting and require little maintenance compared to others. However, they are quite expensive and recommended only for the protection of high-value crops.
- Plastic fences: These are made of polypropylene generally less expensive and easier to install and repair than other types. Their disadvantages include their short lifespan (up to 10 years).
- Electric fences: They are constructed to inflict an electric shock to animals that contact the fence. These fences are long-lasting and an effective crop protection measure.
Some local and state entities may restrict the use of a particular kind of fences. So, before making the decision on a suitable fence, it’s essential to remember our local law regulations first.
Natural repellents :
Some farmers prefer to use natural protection methods instead of mechanical protection. Here are some of the natural repellent used by farmer,
- Fish and garlic natural emulsion
- Beehive fencing
- Chilli papers
- Egg-based repellent
- Castor oil
- Chemical repellent:
This is an artificial way of crop protection. DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and oil of lemon eucalyptus are the most common insect repellents. This is recommended to use the products with one of these EPA registered ingredients. Other active substances such as Anthraquinone, Butanethiol and Methyl Anthranilate can keep wild animals away from crops.
- Biophysical barrier: This includes fences made of bamboo sticks, coconut tree bunches, or other available shrubs. It is a low-cost practice and has low efficiency in protecting crops against wild animals.
- Electronic repellent: Ultrasonic pest repellers are the best electronic devices that emit high-frequency sounds. It is designed to repel the animal near the field. This is approved by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
Some other steps to ensure Crop Protection :
- You can put a bucket with water near your field. In this way, the animals have drinking water, and they don’t have to break the boxes anymore.
- However, when birds eat the plants’ seeds, make sure that the crops will get enough light.
- Pieter Hoff looks an effective method to scare wild boars, especially in India. In India, the people will hang a shining lamp which moves all the time through the wind. This practice is similar to the method of hanging a CD-ROM to scare pigeons.
I hope this blog gave you a lot of ideas which you can implement right away. For more information about Farming and Kubota Tractor, stay tuned with us.