Kidney stones are a common health condition experienced by people of all age groups and genders. Passing these stones can be extremely painful, and sadly, people who have experienced kidney stones are more likely to get them again in the future. So, finding a suitable Kidney Stones Treatment is highly necessary to get rid of stones.
What are Kidney Stones?
Also widely called renal stones or nephrolithiasis, kidney stones consist of hard, firm waste materials that develop in the kidney and create crystals. Four prime kinds exist, but almost 80% of all stones are calcium oxalate stones. However, less common types are uric acid, struvite, and cysteine.
Though smaller stones are generally not an issue, bigger stones may lead to blockage in part of your urinary system as they leave your body. It can also cause severe pain, bleeding, and vomiting. Most importantly, 12% of men and 5% of women in the country can develop kidney stones.
Treatment for Kidney Stones
Most healthcare professionals generally treat kidney stones as per their size, location and type. Tiny kidney stones can easily pass through your urinary tract without treatment. If you can pass a kidney stone, your healthcare specialist may ask you to catch the kidney stone in a special container. He or she will send the stone to a lab to check out what kind it is.
A health care specialist may suggest you drink lots of liquids if you can help move a kidney stone along. He or she may prescribe pain medicine as well, if necessary. However, bigger kidney stones that block your urinary tract or lead a lot of pain may require a suitable Kidney Stones Treatment. If you’re vomiting, dehydrated or bleeding, you should visit the hospital and get fluids through an IV.
Let Kidney Stones Pass
Generally, stones take some weeks to some months to pass, depending on the size and number of stones. Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or naproxen (Aleve), can allow you to handle the discomfort until the stones pass. Your expert doctor may also recommend an alpha-blocker, which can relax the muscles in your ureter and helps pass stones promptly with less pain.
If the pain becomes too much to handle, or if they are too big to pass, don’t worry, stones can be surgically removed with a process known as ureteroscopy. In this process, a tiny endoscope, ( a tool with a miniature video camera and equipment at the end of a long tube) is passed into the bladder and up the ureter while you’re under general anesthesia. When the laser breaks up the stones, the fragments are removed.
Kidney Stones Removal
Shock Wave Lithotripsy: The doctor can utilize shock wave lithotripsy NIH external link to blast the kidney stone into tiny pieces. The smaller pieces of the kidney stone then pass through your urinary tract. A qualified doctor can offer you anesthesia NIH external link during this outpatient process.
Cystoscopy & Ureteroscopy: During the cystoscopy, your doctor utilizes a cystoscope to view inside the urethra and bladder to discover a stone in your urethra or bladder. In this Kidney Stones Treatment, an expert doctor employs a ureteroscope, which is longer and thinner compared to a cystoscope, to see detailed images of the lining of the ureters and kidneys. The doctor performs these processes in the hospital with anesthesia. Most importantly, you can go back home the same day.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Your expert doctor uses a slim viewing device, known as a nephroscope. It is used to find and eliminate the kidney stone. Most doctors insert the tool directly into your kidney via a tiny cut formed in your back. However, for big kidney stones, doctors also utilize a laser to break the kidney stones into tiny pieces. In this treatment, you may stay in the hospital for some days after the process.
In conclusion, speak with your healthcare specialist about your health history before taking kidney stone medicine or any treatment. A few kidney stones medicines can have slight side effects that may happen the longer you take or, the higher the dose. Stay under professional supervision until your treatment is over successfully.