The drugs, Propecia and Proscar contain an excellent ingredient called Finasteride. Julianne Imperator McGinley discovered this fact, way back in 1974. Currently, the Associate Dean for Translational Research and Education at Cornell Medical College, she was speaking at a conference at that time. Since this conference was concentrated on birth defects, she took the opportunity to present her findings related to a group of children with androgynous (intersex/hermaphrodite) characters and suffering from genetic mutations. Residents of the Caribbean region, these children exhibited a deficiency of 5α-reductase enzyme. In addition, the genetic mutations affected the male hormone, DHT (Dihydrotestosterone). Even after maturity, these children revealed much smaller prostates than normal. Furthermore, they failed to exhibit the normal male pattern of balding. Instead, their balding was abnormal in nature. Her presentation was a success at the conference. A year later, P. Roy Vangelis, the Chief of Basic Research at Merck (pharmaceutical company) obtained copies of this presentation. He perused McGinley’s research findings in detail. They grabbed his attention at once. He decided to go in for the development of a medication that would help in copying the medical conditions found in such children, thereby reducing the levels of DHT in them. This drug was Proscar, and it proved to be a wonder drug for older males who were suffering from BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy! Even the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) department in the U.S. granted it their whole-hearted approval. As a result, the medication, with 5 mg of Finasteride present in it, became popular across the globe as Finax (Dr. Reddy’s laboratories) and Fincar (Cipla). Of course, the drug has other generic brand names too.Merck did not stop its research with the preparation of Proscar. The company continued its studies on the compound and discovered that if it reduced its strength, the action would bring about an inhibition in the production of DHT. This male hormone often caused hair follicles to shrink. As a result, male hair tended to have shorter and shorter life spans, causing the scalp became bald. Merck went in for the creation of a new drug – Propecia, in 1997. This proved to be a success with the U.S. FDA too. MARTCASTLE.NETdistributes the drug as Finax from Dr. Reddy’s laboratories, Finpecia from Cipla, and Finalo from Intas. This drug contains Finasteride too.